The project focuses on analysis and monitoring of ecosystems connected with natural forests of the Czech Republic. These forests represent significant refugia of indigenous, species rich and formerly common elements of the Central European landscape (e.g. very old and overaged trees with loose bark or tree cavities, presence of dead wood, etc.). They often host very demanding and specialized organisms that frequently belong to protected and highly endangered species. Natural forests therefore can be considered as so called biodiversity hotspots. Learning about the natural forest and its dynamics, as a starting point for a range of man-affected states of a forest on a given type of natural habitat, as well as bound organisms, is necessary for capturing and subsequent evaluation of natural habitats and their developmental changes.
The subject and main goal of the project is to obtain data for repeated evaluation of the state of selected localities of natural forests based on the detailed biological, dendrometric and pedological surveys in selected reference localities of forests left to spontaneous development which are registered in the Databank of natural forests of the Czech Republic, and at the same time to determine impact of wider landscape context on changes in biodiversity of natural forests.
DivisionDue to the complexity of the project, it is divided into three parts that logically follow and complement each other. These parts are:
- a) monitoring and analysis of the development of natural forests left to spontaneous development
- b) monitoring and analysis of model group of organisms in selected localities of natural forests
- c) monitoring and analysis of landscape dynamics
Monitoring will be based on nationwide surveys in natural forests based on unified methodology for data collection and processing of available spatial data. Thus designed monitoring on a representative network of localities will serve as a model and more accurate basis for both nationwide less detailed survey and for applications in conservation management of protected forests.
The project will result in analysis and monitoring of the state of ecosystems in natural forests. The results will be presented in the form of a research report containing a list of recommendations for competent state authorities – the target group of the project.
Project outputs will contribute not only to a deeper knowledge of the natural forests ecology, but mainly will create a framework for an unbiased assessment and evaluation of the likely status and trends of biodiversity due to environmental risk factors including anthropogenic burden in the form of landscape fragmentation.
Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening is a public research institution, established on 01/01/2007 by the Ministry of Environment under Act no. 341/2005 Coll. for research of all types of landscapes and related environmental risks, research of biodiversity and its conservation, expert support for nature conservation and landscape care, and research in the field of ornamental horticulture. The Institute exists continuously since 1927 when it was with the decree of the then Ministry of Agriculture founded on the former estate of Count Arnošt Emanuel Silva Tarouca in Průhonice.
At present, the Institute represents a multidisciplinary research institution, covering a comprehensive research of landscape at all levels - ranging from ecosystems, communities and populations to individual organisms. Part of the research is provided by Institute branch in Brno.